Communication involves encoding and decoding the messages sent by the sender. The receiver interprets the message according to the receiver’s experience and beliefs, and decoding ensures that the message is decoded correctly. The process of encoding and converting electronic signals requires careful examination of the meaning of the messages sent and received. This process is also essential in public speaking. But what is decoding, and how is it used in public speaking?
1. What is Encoding?
When the sender begins to formulate the message, encoding takes place. One of the first decisions the sender must make is the channel over which the message will be delivered. The spoken word delivered through the sound waves of the human voice is the channel for our functions as public speakers. The speaker’s goal and objective, as well as their communication style, determine the words used in the message, how they are strung together into sentences and phrases, and how they are delivered gently, powerfully, and so on. Individuals may spend more time and effort encoding vital signals at times. A meeting with your boss to ask for a raise, a marriage proposal, or a persuasive presentation, the exact words were used. However, you’d be shocked to learn that most speakers don’t give the encoding process any thought in their regular conversation.
When the words of a text are encoded, they are converted into speech. During decoding, the information is interpreted by matching the letters to the sounds they make. For this purpose, a person uses a combination of letters and sounds to understand the message. A text is a piece of information and requires decoding. When a message is encoded, it must be processed.
2. What is Decoding?
To make sense of incoming communications, the message receiver goes through their process. Decoding is the term for this procedure. Once the message has been received, decoding begins. The receiver or listener must “crack the code” and accurately understand the message by deducing meaning from the words and phrases employed. As long as the code used to produce the message has a similar meaning between sender and recipient, receivers may usually comprehend the message without sophisticated processing. When the sender employs unfamiliar phrases or sends the information in a language that the receiver does not understand, decoding the message becomes more difficult, if not impossible. When asked, “What is your name?” it is difficult to respond without knowing the proper code and having a basic comprehension of French. Decoding is the process of reading and interpreting the message. It involves understanding the letters of a text and the sounds that each letter makes. The decoder will reconstruct the original information signal from the coded bits. Decoding is the process of reading and interpreting the message. It involves understanding the letters of a text and the sounds that each letter makes. The decoder will reconstruct the original information signal from the coded bits. In communication, the message is transferred, but its meaning is not transferred from one person to another.
In decoding, the listener or audience must first understand a message. Then, the listener must then interpret the message to determine whether it is the same as the original. The receiver must understand how to interpret the message before he can act. This is crucial because it makes a difference in communication. The decoding process is crucial in any context, whether written or spoken. This is the key to understanding the meaning of a text.
Decoding a message can be difficult. It is the process of analyzing a message that has been encoded. The process is complex and not a simple task. It involves a complicated system of rules, but the overall effect is the same. By encoding a message, the sender can make a target audience understand it. The receiver will interpret the information to determine whether it is intended.
3. Decoding the Public Speaking Process
Any form of speaking in which an audience and a speaker can be classified as public speaking. Public speaking, when regarded widely, is an element of the art of persuasion, providing information, or even simply entertaining. Public Speaking has a distinct flow in various structures or settings. Elements of the public speaking process are:
Accept the Speaking Assignment
Accept the Speaking You may be allowed to do some public speaking at any point in your life. It might happen at a wedding, a lesson, an event, or just a business meeting. Accepting the speaking assignment offered to you is the first challenge. Your first step in this situation would be to ask the correct questions, such as, “Who is the audience?” What is the reason for your visit? What is the subject? Knowing the answers to these questions will provide you with a good starting point and a solid foundation from which to work.
Study Your Audience
Your target audience will change depending on the situation. But, in a broader sense, it’s critical to recognize that we now live in a society where individuals are difficult to generalize. People of many ethnic backgrounds are bound to make up our audiences. As a result, knowing their age, gender, sexual orientation, racial, ethnic, or cultural origin, and religion is crucial. This demographic and psychological study can help you develop a speech that is inclusive to all people and does not discriminate.
Examine the Situation
It’s critical to comprehend and evaluate the nature of the event at which you’ll be speaking. It could be a speech delivered in front of the board of directors, at a wedding, or in a classroom. Understanding the occasion can help you estimate the number of people who will make up your 10 or 100 or 1000-person audience. A physical visit to the venue or room where you will deliver a speech or discussion is included in examining the occasion. This can help you become more familiar with the situation and visualize yourself in it, as well as give you a sense of where you will be standing.
Determine What Your Goals Are
There are three main goals that all public speakers should strive for. You speak to inform, persuade, or entertain the audience. Informative speeches are the most common type of speech, and they are divided into four categories: speeches about visible and tangible objects, speeches about processes, speeches about events that have occurred or are about to occur, and speeches about concepts such as beliefs, theories, principles, or ideas.
Evaluate Your Subject Knowledge
Once you’ve compiled the information you’ve gained over time or by conducting an extra study on the same issue, it’s critical to assess your knowledge of the subject you’ll be discussing. It’s possible that the opportunity to speak or present arose due to your knowledge of the subject. If that isn’t the case, this phase is even more critical in determining your level of understanding of the subject. This will offer you the opportunity to gather enough examples, illustrations, or anecdotes to help you create a well-balanced speech. Furthermore, the more knowledge you have about the issue, the more confident you will be.
Make a Synthesis of the Speech
After you’ve gathered all of the material you’ll need for your topic, you’ll need to synthesize your speech. You might think of it as the act of organizing your speech in such a way that it offers value to the audience you’re speaking to. A well-structured speech has three parts: an introduction, a body, and a conclusion. Starting with the body of the speech and then preparing the introduction is the preferred method. The introduction and body of the paper might help you create the conclusion.
It is vital to grasp the proper pattern to follow depending on the type of speech you are preparing, such as a chronological pattern describing a sequence of events in a specific order.
Get Ready for the Delivery
You must build a strong outline of your speech as part of the preparation process for delivering it. This summary or outline will assist you, and your delivery will become more apparent. Also, practice your speech as many times as possible, whether alone, in front of a mirror, or in front of a small group of friends and family. This will help you figure out how long it takes you and eliminate unnecessary elements.
Make Your Speech
You’ve dedicated all of your time and work to this particular level of the flowchart. From beginning to conclusion, everyone wants to listen to a speech that is clear and concise. You should also avoid including terminology with complex phrases that your audience would not grasp by using words you understand.
A variety of verbal and nonverbal communication characteristics, such as voice, tone, pitch, pace, body language, movement, hand gestures, and presentation, all play a role in ensuring that your speech is a success.
Prepare a Post-Speech Evaluation
At this point, we look back at the entire process to see if everything went as planned. We should also be open to accepting comments, both favorable and unfavorable, at this time. Even if you think you did a fantastic job, there is always room for growth. It is your responsibility to comprehend and improve for your next speaking assignment.