What Degree Do You Need to Become a Police Officer?

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What Degree Do You Need to Become a Police Officer?

A police officer, also known as a policeman or policewoman, is a warranted law enforcement officer who works for the police force. In most countries, “police officer” is a generic term that does not specify a specific rank. The title “officer” is legally reserved for military personnel in some countries.

Police officers protect their communities and ensure the safety of all citizens. Becoming a police officer can provide you with a rewarding career path that allows you to serve your community. To secure employment, these law enforcement professionals must complete specialized training and pass exams. In this article, we will look at how to become a police officer.

What Is the Role of a Police Officer?

Officers of the law are sworn to protect and serve the public. They are responsible for preventing crime, apprehending and detaining criminals, mediating disputes, and protecting people and property. Responsibilities may vary depending on experience, rank, and geographical location. Typical responsibilities include:

  • Patrolling neighborhoods on foot, in a car, or on a bicycle.
  • Responding to disasters and dispatch calls.
  • Interviewing witnesses in the aftermath of crimes, disasters, and incidents.
  • Taking notes on their observations and documenting their testimony.
  • Creating and submitting official reports.
  • Giving testimony in court.
  • Community education and outreach are typically focused on public and personal safety.
  • Enforcing traffic laws, frequently pulling over drivers to ensure compliance.

What Qualifications Do You Need to Become a Police Officer?

Police officers must attend a training academy, pass state law enforcement exams, and develop relevant skills. To become a police officer, you must first go through the following steps:

Complete All Required Education

You must have a high school diploma or GED to pursue this career path. Many officers choose to further their education by earning an associate’s or bachelor’s degree in fields such as criminal justice. Some jobs or departments may even require you to have a bachelor’s degree. Furthermore, those who have previously served in the military are frequently exempt from the education requirement.

Comply With All Other Minimum Requirements

These requirements are as follows:

Age: Officers must be at least 18 or 21 years old, depending on the department.

Driver’s License: Police officers must have a valid driver’s license and a generally clean driving record. This requirement is due to the fact that many officers use a patrol car on the job.

Background Check: Prospective police officers must pass a criminal background check to ensure they have not been convicted of any major crimes or offenses.

Physical Fitness: All applicants must be physically fit and able to pass a physical and medical examination.

Psychological Evaluation: Police officers are required to make difficult decisions under pressure, which necessitates good mental health. This assessment may take the form of an interview or a questionnaire, and it will assess your personality, temperament, attitudes, and core beliefs.

Pass the Law Enforcement Examination

Depending on the jurisdiction and the police academy you have chosen, there are various law enforcement exams. These exams frequently include the following sections:

Examined in Writing

This section consists of multiple-choice, true-false, and short essay questions designed to assess a candidate’s knowledge of the job. Many questions will put your grammar, reading comprehension, and math skills to the test. These questions may also put your logic and decision-making abilities to the test in job-related scenarios.


Candidates are given a topic or prompt to write a long-form essay in this section. This exam assesses your ability to use logic, express your thoughts and ideas clearly, and provide reasoning and evidence to back up your claims.

Oral Examination

This section is usually given in the form of an interview, which is usually with a hiring manager from the department or even a member of the community. Its purpose is to assess your verbal communication skills as well as your overall presentation.

Before being accepted into a police training academy, all applicants must pass the law enforcement exam.

Completion of the Police Academy

You will attend a police training academy after meeting the basic requirements and passing the law enforcement exam. The following are the components of police academy training:

Education in the Classroom

Future police officers receive an overview of law enforcement as a whole in classroom training, including laws and regulations, criminal investigation methods, arrest and detainment procedures, and the various approaches to policing and public safety.

They also improve interpersonal communication, stress management, and negotiation skills, as well as gain a better understanding of ethics and cultural sensitivity.

Training on the Job

Future officers practice defense tactics, administrative duties, proper firearm handling, handling hazardous materials, vehicle operations, and the use of force in the field. They may also be required to interact with the public as well as simulate common or complex scenarios in order to practice problem-solving, investigation, and decision-making skills.

Depending on the department, candidates may begin to receive entitlements, allowances, and benefits during this phase. The trainees are ready to graduate and enter the field of policing once they have learned all of the necessary skills.

Acquire Officer Experience

Trainees can begin working for the police force on a conditional basis after graduating from the police academy. New officers are placed on a 12-month probationary period during which they work as police officers while receiving daily training from more experienced officers.

After completing their probationary period, they will be able to accept a permanent position. Depending on the department for which they have chosen to work, they may also be able to obtain additional training, learn new skills, and receive performance evaluations that will help them advance into higher-ranking positions and police specialties.

How Do You Get Ready to Be a Police Officer?

Before applying to take the law enforcement exam, make sure your criminal record is free of major changes that would disqualify you otherwise. Check to see if your driving record is free of tickets or other minor infractions.

You can also do physical conditioning before the exam to improve your fitness. Endurance running and weight training can both help you prepare for the police academy.

What Kinds of Police Officers Exist?

After graduating from the training academy, you can set clear professional goals such as becoming a specific type of office or working in a specific department on a force. Among the possible paths are:

  • Detective
  • K-9 Officer
  • State Police Officer
  • Highway Patrol Officer
  • Sheriffs and Deputy Sheriffs

Is it Possible for Police Officers to Obtain Voluntary Certification?

As a police officer, you can pursue a variety of voluntary certifications, including:

Certification of K-9 Units

This certification is required for officers who use police dogs on patrol or in special cases. They go through specialized training that includes bonding, command learning, and running drills with a police dog.

Certifications for Specialization

If you want to work in a specific field of law enforcement, such as narcotics or arson, you could complete the necessary education, training, and examinations to earn a certification.

Certification in First Aid

This certification covers information on administering CPR and using Automated External Defibrillators, as well as providing medical care to someone suffering from a minor or life-threatening injury or illness (AEDs). Police officers are expected to have and keep up to date on their first aid certifications.

Certification in Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)

This certification teaches the life-saving skill of assisting victims who have gone into cardiac arrest. Police officers must keep their CPR certifications up to date.

What Is the Average Salary of a Police Officer?

Salary levels for police officers vary depending on the position, level of experience, and geographic location of the candidate. While the majority of police officers work full-time, some work part-time or on a temporary or contract basis.

The average salary in the United States is $50,589 per year.
Some annual salaries range from $14,000 to $114,000 USD.

Which Skills Are Required for a Police Officer?

Being a successful police officer necessitates a number of both hard and soft skills, including:

Interpersonal Abilities

Officers rely on these abilities when communicating and building relationships, which are commonly referred to as people skills. These characteristics include dependability, leadership, patience, and empathy. Police officers must be compassionate, open-minded, and patient when forming an opinion about a case.

Communication Abilities

These abilities include not only verbal and written communication, but also nonverbal cues like body language, eye contact, and facial expressions. Every day, police officers interact with a diverse range of people, including witnesses, victims, suspects, and other officers. To be successful in the role, they must have excellent verbal communication and active listening skills.

Critical Thinking Abilities

These abilities refer to the ability to analyze a problem or set of facts and form a conclusion or identify a solution. These are important skills to have during an investigation because police officers use evidence to determine what happened and who is to blame.

Teamwork Abilities

Committing to shared team goals over individual interests, cooperating, listening to others’ opinions, accepting constructive feedback, and delegating duties are all examples of teamwork skills. To best serve the public and maintain community order, police departments rely on teamwork among officers within the department as well as between departments.

Physical Stamina

Agility and stamina are also examples of physical strength. Officers must have the physical ability to maintain energy levels throughout the day and be ready to act quickly because police work can be dangerous.

Is it Difficult to Join the Police?

Being a police officer is not for everyone; it is one of the most physically, mentally, and emotionally demanding jobs available. Consider whether you can: Handle complex and sensitive cases that necessitate clear reasoning and evidence gathering.

Is There an Age Limit for Joining the Police Force?

When applying to become a new Police Constable, you must be at least 18 years old. The maximum age is 57. This is three years younger than the mandatory retirement age of 60, and it allows for a two-year probationary period and a minimum of one year of service following probation.

What Are Some Benefits of Becoming a Police Officer?

Police Officers’ Relationships Are Among the Strongest Known

When you become a police officer, you are joining a fraternal family of 800,000 in the United States and millions more worldwide. Your fellow officers will be there for you if you are called into action while serving, or if you are dealing with a personal crisis of some kind. It’s reassuring to know that if the worst-case scenario occurs, there will be shoulders to lean on to help you get through it.

Police Officers Have the Ability to Shape their Communities

There will always be a few “bad apples” among the police force, which some members of the changes will complain about. Look for the helpers from a law enforcement standpoint. Find people who enjoy their jobs and are willing to put in the extra hours to prove it. Whether they are on duty or not, most police officers go above and beyond for the people they serve. They volunteer to make a difference, speak to scouting groups, give school presentations, and build a community that everyone can be proud of every day.

 Police Officers Have a High Level of Job Satisfaction

The range of work available to a police officer is extremely varied. In this line of work, no two days are ever the same. You never know where dispatch will send you or what to expect when you arrive. However, no matter what you do, you are also assisting people in some way. You’re working in multiple jurisdictions on your own, with partners, and as part of a team. This one-of-a-kind combination results in a line of work that is frequently described as “very fulfilling.”

You, Will, Be Working in a Highly Competitive Environment

Even if you start out as a non-competitive person, the environment of law enforcement will often change your mind. Many police departments thrive on the competition of officers pushing one another to improve their skills. This could be accomplished through performance standards, talent development, or skill-based activities. Law enforcement officers are naturally ambitious because they want to help themselves, their families, and their community to the best of their abilities.

It’s a Job Where You’re Always Doing Something

To be effective at their jobs, police officers must maintain a healthy lifestyle. This includes being mentally active in addition to the physical demands placed on each individual. Officers frequently pursue active hobbies such as hiking, hunting, fishing, and boating in order to maintain a healthy lifestyle. Many officers participate in community teams or events, such as softball or serving on a charity board. This life structure assists each individual in remaining mentally and physically strong.

Police Officers May Be Eligible for a Variety of Benefits

In many communities, the job benefits of being a police officer are quite valuable – and we’re not talking about the free coffee that local businesses may offer. Many jurisdictions provide free gym memberships to their officers in order to help them stay fit. Some communities provide home-buying assistance to police officers because their presence in a community makes others feel safer. There are shift differentials, tuition assistance, educational assistance, scholarship programs, and paid community service time available, in addition to the standard job benefits, one would receive at any job.

And, Many More!


That’s how you can choose this field as your career and become a Police Officer. We hope that you have found this article helpful and informative, which will eventually help you in choosing your career path.

About the author

Indu has been educator since last 10 years. She can find all kind of scholarship opportunities in the USA and beyond. She also teach college courses online to help students become better. She is one of the very rare scholarship administrator and her work is amazing.