How to Improve Reading Comprehension?

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How to Improve Reading Comprehension?

Many people take reading for granted, but reading and correctly digesting a text is a complicated and interactive process. It necessitates the coordination of various separate brain activities and the deciphering of multiple levels of context and meaning.

We can sometimes find ourselves understanding the most basic interpretation of a book but missing the emotional core or the “big picture” since reading comprehension is so hard. Alternatively, we can find our heads spinning with no idea what a text is trying to say.

Reading comprehension is a crucial element of the process. When you read, make an effort to comprehend and extract meaning to gain a better overall understanding of what you’re reading. You may increase your reading comprehension and make reading more accessible and pleasurable by learning and using reading methods and changing how you read.

1. What Is Reading Comprehension?

Understanding what a text means and the concepts the author intends to express, textually and subtextually, is known as reading comprehension. To read any writing, your brain must process not only the exact words of the piece but also their relationship to one another, the context behind the words, how nuanced language and vocabulary usage can affect emotion and meaning, and how the text fits together as a broader, coherent whole. The ability to comprehend or understand what you are reading is known as reading comprehension. This is a deliberate and active element of reading that occurs before, during, and after you finish a book. You can extract meaning from the text and better understand what the author is attempting to portray to comprehend what you’re reading.

Text comprehension and vocabulary knowledge are the two components of reading comprehension. Text comprehension is the ability to understand the language being used. In contrast, vocabulary knowledge is the ability to use that language to acquire an awareness of the meaning behind the text.

2. Why Are Reading Comprehension Skills Necessary?

Why bother with reading comprehension when it can be difficult? Even though learning to read and interpret texts correctly is a difficult task, it is a crucial ability to master for both job and pleasure.
Throughout your schooling, college, and career (as well as your leisure time!), you’ll need to be able to read and interpret a variety of texts—both on a basic, literal level and a more in-depth one. Let’s consider “reading” to be a literal or superficial understanding of work and “reading comprehension” as the whole knowledge. A person can only survive in the world for so long on pure “reading.”
Reading comprehension is crucial for various reasons and can bring numerous advantages. The ability to read efficiently can benefit both your personal and professional lives, as well as increase your enjoyment of reading. Knowing how to decipher a document can help you expand your knowledge in specific areas and learn new skills and information quickly
There are several benefits if you improve your reading comprehension. It helps you understand, analyze, and respond to papers and written communication at work.
Your ability to write clearly and effectively gets improved.
The ability to understand and participate in current events written down, such as in newspapers, improves to a certain level. Increased capacity to concentrate on reading for long periods helps you improve your mindset. By improved reading comprehension, reading pleasure and motivation get increased.

3. Ways to Improve Reading Comprehension

Reading comprehension is a talent that can be improved like any other; with practice and a game plan, you may enhance your understanding.

Dedicate at least two to three hours each week to a combination of “directed” and “relaxed” reading practice. Guided practice will include structure and focused attention, such as learning new vocabulary items and testing yourself on them. In contrast, relaxed practice will consist of simply letting yourself read and enjoy reading for at least one to two hours per week.

You can increase your reading ability without relegating reading time solely to the realm of “work” by combining reading-for-studying and reading-for-pleasure. Reading is an integral part of our daily life, and enhancing your understanding should never come at the expense of the enjoyment you get from it.

If you’ve ever wanted to improve your reading comprehension skills, there are a few tips you can follow

Remove Distractions

The first step is to remove distractions. Try to turn off any electronic devices such as your smartphone or tablet, and place it somewhere where it won’t distract you. If you must use your phone, put it away, and turn off notifications. It might seem counter-productive, but it positively affects your ability to retain information.

Work on Your Vocabulary

Understanding the meaning of the words you’re reading can help you comprehend the meaning of the text. Vocabulary, context, and word interaction all play a role in reading and understanding. As a result, you must comprehend each moving element before you can comprehend the entire text.

If you’re having trouble understanding a piece of vocabulary, context clues (how the terms are used in the sentence or paragraph) can help, but it’s always a good idea to look up the definitions of words you don’t know. Keep a running list of words you don’t understand as you read, and construct yourself a collection of flashcards with the words and their definitions. Spend fifteen minutes two or three times a week quizzing yourself on your knowledge.

Read a Book Below Your Reading Level

 Starting with books below your reading ability will allow you to establish a baseline of reading comprehension from which to build. Instead of starting with a book or other content that you find difficult, read something familiar with and understand. The next step in improving your reading comprehension skills is to set realistic goals. If you are a beginner reader, try reading books at your level, but try reading at a slower pace if you struggle to read challenging books. This will help you process the material between sessions, which will help you improve your reading comprehension skills. It’s also a good idea to keep yourself motivated and aware of the material you’re reading

Read Aloud 

Reading aloud helps you practice reading comprehension by incorporating visual and auditory learning. It also makes you slow down, giving you more time to think about what you’re reading.

Pace Yourself

One of the essential tips when improving your reading comprehension skills is to pace yourself. Pacing yourself allows you to create realistic goals for your reading practice and habits, which helps you improve your reading comprehension skills. This is especially true for novels or other forms of literature that you find challenging to comprehend. Make a daily goal for yourself that you know you can achieve. Instead of stating you’ll read a complete book in two days, say you’ll read three chapters each night. This allows you to achieve your objectives while also giving you enough time to comprehend what you’ve read between sessions. While it can be a challenge for some people, it will help you set and achieve realistic goals. It is essential to be patient and not rush through the process. Remember that reading comprehension takes time. Do not become frustrated when you’re not understanding the text and read slowly. The more time you spend reading, the more effective it will be.

Fill out a KWL Chart

 A lack of background knowledge is a significant barrier to reading comprehension. It helps fill a KWL chart with words and definitions to determine how much background knowledge a student has about the solar system. This method will also help students understand the text better if they understand certain key concepts before they read it. The goal of the KWL chart is to measure student understanding and knowledge of a text, and it can help them draw inferences and make connections with the text. You can also use a KWL chart to measure your reading level. This will help you determine whether you’re reading at the right level for your needs. It’s a good idea to start with books you’re familiar with, so you can increase your confidence in reading. You can fill out a KWL chart to measure your knowledge and understanding of a particular topic. It’s also important to understand critical concepts before reading. By understanding a subject matter before starting, you can draw connections and make inferences to improve your reading skills. This will also help you to increase your motivation for reading. So, take note of the ways to improve your reading comprehension.

Use Context Clues

 Even if you don’t know all of the words, using context clues might help you grasp what you’re reading. Context cues can be found in the words and sentences surrounding the term you don’t know. You can utilize context clues to deduce the primary concept or paragraph by focusing on significant phrases or ideas in a sentence. You can also check for synonyms or antonyms of the unknown word in the vicinity.

Know What the Topic Is About

The value of an article can be determined by identifying the primary concept of a paragraph or article. Understanding why what you’re reading is significant can help you understand what the author is attempting to say. Pause every few paragraphs while reading to see if you can figure out the main point. Then, try putting the critical idea into your own words for even better comprehension.

Summarize What You Read

 Writing a summary is a fantastic approach to gain a better understanding of what you’ve read. To summarize, you must first determine what is most significant in the text and then express it in your own words. Summarizing allows you to assess whether you genuinely grasp what you’ve read and helps you recall it in the long run.

Break Large Text into Small Sections

 If you’re reading anything lengthier or more complex, consider breaking it up into smaller chunks. You could, for example, read two paragraphs at a time and then pause to recap what you’ve just read mentally. Breaking up what you’re reading will make you feel less overwhelmed and increase your chances of genuinely grasping what you’re reading.


If you don’t have sufficient background knowledge, you may find that reading comprehension is difficult. It’s also a good idea to take an online quiz to determine your reading level. If you’re unsure of your reading level, read at a slower pace and reread until you understand it. If you’re having trouble understanding a text, look up the meaning of any unfamiliar words.

Taking advantage of background knowledge is another effective way to improve reading comprehension. If you have trouble understanding a text, you should try to learn as much as possible. It would help if you also tried to read books at your level and avoid distractions. While you’re reading, it’s a good idea to read as many books as you can to gain a broad understanding of the material. If you’re struggling to understand a book, take notes, which will help you understand the meaning of the text. If you’re struggling to understand a particular text, you can try to improve your reading comprehension skills by reviewing the text you’ve read before. All these steps will increase and ease your comprehension while reading. 

About the author

Indu has been educator since last 10 years. She can find all kind of scholarship opportunities in the USA and beyond. She also teach college courses online to help students become better. She is one of the very rare scholarship administrator and her work is amazing.

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