How to Improve Literacy Skills in Primary Schools?

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How to Improve Literacy Skills in Primary Schools?

Graduates of the Elementary Education Studies program are qualified to teach primary school students. The course introduces pupils to the basic mathematics, science, social studies, and language arts course that primary school students study. Elementary education, sometimes known as primary education, is the initial level of formal education, starting around the age of 5 to 7 and finishing around the age of 11 to 13. The first three grades of elementary school are normally included in a primary school; however, kindergarten is sometimes included as well. Reading skills are critical to a child’s academic achievement because they allow them to access the entire curriculum and improve their communication and language abilities. Reading can also be a joyful and imaginative activity for kids, opening up all kinds of new worlds for them. Students with strong literacy abilities can seek out information, dig deeper into topics, and get a better grasp of the world around them. This is why it’s critical to consider your literacy-skills-teaching approach in the classroom.

What Exactly Are Literacy Skills, And Why Are They So Crucial?

Literacy abilities enable pupils to learn through reading, as well as through the use of media and technology. These abilities also aid students in the creation of knowledge through writing and the development of media and technology.

What Effect Does Literacy Have on Learning for Primary Students?

Learning to read has an impact on children’s development, which includes their social, emotional, physical, and cognitive growth. Early on, students who struggle with language and communication have a hard time developing social skills.

For Primary Students, Why Literacy and Numeracy Are Considered Beneficial?

While we cannot predict the future or the skill requirements of future employees, we can predict the types of learners we want to develop through education: students who are critical and reflective, open to a lifetime of learning and relearning, comfortable with change, and who have empathy and a global perspective. While English and mathematics make literacy and numeracy abilities obvious, all study areas require discipline-specific literacy and numeracy knowledge and skills. Literacy is strengthened, made specific, and extended in other learning areas, and the use of mathematical skills across the curriculum enriches the study of each curriculum area and contributes to the development of a broader and deeper understanding of numeracy.

How Is Literacy Actually Weighed?

Teachers at all levels of school frequently express dissatisfaction with their pupils’ reading abilities. The kids have a good command of the English language. In other words, they are able to translate graphemes or the letters on a page into words. However, they have difficulty determining a text’s intent or analyzing it in a meaningful way. We may say that the students’ literacy skills are lacking.

Skills of a Literary Reader in the Primary Level:

  1. Checking for New Data:

Identifying whether or not a book is factually true is important for reading ability. A critical reader constantly compares new information to previous knowledge. We have an internal discussion while we read: Where did that knowledge originate from? That isn’t possible due to the following reasons:

  • Distinguishing Reality from Opinion:

This ability is required to comprehend a wide range of writings, from newspaper articles to scientific research.

  • Understanding a Text’s Intent:

Every piece of writing has a certain purpose. This could be for the sake of amusement in the case of a story or persuasion in the case of advertising. A critical reader will notice this. The critical reader will be able to determine the text’s purpose. Various genres of text necessitate different responses from students in the classroom. As pupils get older, it’s critical that they know how to read and respond effectively to written information.

  • Finding Important Information in a Text:

This is a necessary skill for summarizing data and following directions. It’s also crucial when converting written data into something else, such as a chart.

  • Literacy Encompasses More than Just Reading:

It’s evident from the activities above that a literacy program develops more than just reading abilities. Students converse and listen to one another as they speculate and express their perspectives. A literacy program can also help students improve their writing abilities. Students might use the text analysis as a model for their own writing. A literacy program also focuses on higher-order thinking skills including analysis, deduction, and summarization. At all ages, developing literacy skills so that students may become engaged, critical readers should be a priority. Literacy activities focused on a reading book can be very beneficial in a foreign language lesson.

What All Can Be Done By Primary Students Through Literary Activities?

  • To communicate ideas and opinions using the text as a springboard
  • Using the text as a model for writing exercises
  • To see how language is employed in different situations
  • The purpose of this project is to investigate the meanings of words.
  • More importantly, we are cultivating future critical readers.

Ways to Help Your Child Learn to Read at Home:

Virtual classrooms made teaching these skills significantly more difficult, owing to the nature of how they were taught prior to the epidemic. It was also difficult for pupils to concentrate and practice such abilities at home because there were so many distractions. We must do more to support these activities if we wish to increase our children’s ability to speak and comprehend. This isn’t to say it has to be difficult.

  • Students are finding it difficult to;
  • Read on their own
  • Put one’s penmanship talents to the test
  • Develop and translate thoughts into appropriate messages
  • Many pupils had less exposure to the following under remote instruction:
  1. Read to Your Children:

Find topics that interest your children and read books about them. If your child has trouble focusing and staying awake, attempt reading alone while sitting next to them. Children imitate their parents’ actions.

  • Practice Telling Stories:

Include 10-minutes of storytelling in your nighttime ritual. It will assist pupils in thinking and communicating their ideas into appropriate messages.

  • Meet the kids Right Where they Are:

To boost their confidence, start with modest chores. Then progressively increase the difficulty level. For example, try reading literature with short words. You can also ask your children simple context questions. Once your youngster has mastered this level, introduce increasingly difficult challenges.

  • Use Real-Life Examples to Illustrate Your Point:

Literacy isn’t just for reading books. It’s all over the place. Show kids the importance of reading and writing by using billboards, notifications, SMS messages, or recipes.

  • Be True to Yourself:

Children are perceptive, and they’ll notice if you’re not being genuine. If you are not a frequent reader and suddenly begin to do so, your children will notice. Instead, attempt to include your children in the activities that you enjoy. If you enjoy cooking, for example, enlist the assistance of your children in writing or reading a recipe.

What Are the Basic Literacy-Development Strategies?

Making connections, picturing, inferring, questioning, deciding importance, and synthesizing are six such processes.

Methods to Improve Reading in School:

Identifying the precise goals and objectives of the school is the first step in developing a plan for improving reading skills in primary schools. These should be followed by a timeline that includes performance indicators. It’s critical to have a clear understanding of what each student is expected to do. It can also assist teachers in developing a lesson plan that is tailored to their specific needs. There are numerous options for obtaining aid. Starting with a collaborative instructional planning process that includes peer evaluation is an excellent place to start.

  • Listening to kids and Offering Opportunities for them to Discuss their Interests:

This is the most significant method for increasing reading skills in primary schools. Coaching students to find their interests will aid them in achieving their goals, which is critical for increasing literacy and numeracy learning. This will enable students to identify their own learning needs and tailor their education to their personal interests. Using child-centered strategies like storytelling and gamification is a fantastic way to do this.

  • Creating a Literacy Culture in the Classroom:

It is another strategy to increase literacy abilities in primary schools. Reading, writing, and social and emotional learning abilities are all essential for life success and can assist youngsters in overcoming obstacles. Building a strong literacy foundation in elementary school will help pupils to enjoy reading and foster a lifetime love of learning.

  • Listening to Children and Incorporating Learning into their Interests:

This is the most effective strategy to enhance reading skills in primary schools. Children will be more likely to engage in learning and become more literate in the future if they can learn by placing their interests in the classroom.

  • Providing Personalized Teaching and Support:

It is an excellent strategy to enhance literacy skills. Furthermore, it has the potential to lead to higher long-term success. It is critical to give a high-quality education that will enable youngsters to achieve greater success. Primary pupils will be better prepared to thrive in life if they have a well-rounded education. Their early social and emotional skills will serve as a basis for their adult lives.

  • Importance of a Literacy Handbook:

A comprehensive literacy handbook should provide more than just a summary of the current condition of literacy in primary schools. It should be based on the most up-to-date research and contain eight practical suggestions for instructors to think about. It should also be appropriate for all lower-primary kids, particularly those who are having difficulty reading. Students should be encouraged to identify their own hobbies in order to help them learn to read and write.

  • Role of Educators in Bringing About Literacy:

Teachers should work on establishing effective literacy practices in addition to offering a high-quality education. Effective interventions, for example, must focus on teaching children how to read and write in a way that they can understand. This is critical for the child’s future. A strong literacy foundation will eventually lead to a lifelong love of reading and learning. In today’s society, there is a wealth of high-quality information demonstrating that a child who acquires these skills in elementary school is more likely to succeed as an adult.

Here Are Some of the Most Successful Techniques to Assist Students Learn to Read in Any Classroom:

  • Use a Variety of Media to Support Your Text:

Literacy can be fostered in a variety of ways.

  • Introduce the Text Via Visuals or Video:

Some children’s imaginations and imagery skills require assistance. Images and videos can provide a new layer of experience to text, allowing children to gain a better understanding or a new point of reference to consider.

  • Listen, Read, and Take Notes:

Before reading a text, give them a taste of a podcast or audiobook to listen to. This combines their internal reading voice with the presenter’s exterior reading voice. This allows students to immerse themselves in the book, improving their connection and comprehension.

  • Vocabulary Wall:

A spot on the inside of the classroom wall can be turned into your very own classroom dictionary. Every subject has its own language, and the best way to learn a language is to be immersed in it.

  • Wall of Words:

To make this one work, all you need is a map and a good sense of story. This aids with the understanding of narrative progression: where things begin, where they’ve been, and what’s going on now.

  • Exit Slips:

Exit slips are answers to questions or summaries of teachings handed in by students as they leave the classroom.

  • The Next Big Challenge:

Acting on their challenges is the greatest way to keep this going. It’s a terrific method to inspire your kids to invest in their education by demonstrating that they have influence over it.

  • Create Your Own Subject Library:

One of the best things about having a subject library in class is that you get to curate it. You can proudly showcase the works and thoughts that inspire you in the hopes that your children will be inspired by them as well.

  • Reading Time:

Reading time allows students to delve deeply into subjects that they might otherwise overlook in their free time. Try to have books that can cater to different reading levels as the students shouldn’t get bored, or worse, frustrated when they need to be attentive.

  • Topic Box:

Set aside a day to sort through the topics they’ve suggested and have the kids try to bring the books in for a reading session.

  • Make the Library Appealing to the Children:

Allow your children to develop a love for your library. Cushions, bean bags, artwork, plants, and decorations can all help to make your library feel secure and inviting.


Despite the growing importance of literacy, improving these skills in primary schools is an ongoing challenge. It is vital that governments and education authorities commit to making all children literate. They must also ensure that all assessment tools are aligned with the reading targets and that they are carefully monitored to make sure that children are on track. If we cannot commit to this goal, then we can never expect our kids to meet our goals. It can be difficult to develop an effective literacy program for elementary school students. While there is a vast amount of evidence to support the success of these programs, it is crucial to remember that each program has its own set of aims and objectives. The substance and delivery of catch-up treatments must both be prioritized. The goal should be to increase reading skills while also ensuring that the program is successful. In addition, a study must be done to examine the efficacy of various literacy-related approaches.

About the author

Indu has been educator since last 10 years. She can find all kind of scholarship opportunities in the USA and beyond. She also teach college courses online to help students become better. She is one of the very rare scholarship administrator and her work is amazing.

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