Citing Sources – What is Personal Communication?

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Citing Sources – What is Personal Communication?

A citation is a reference to the information source utilized in a research project. An in-text citation should be used whenever one may directly quote, paraphrase, or summarize the important aspects of someone else’s notion in work. Emails, text messages, phone chats, and informal lectures are all varied types of personal communication between individuals and organizations. When mentioning such sources, make sure to specify the identity of the individual or organization communicating, the medium they used, and the date the conversation took place.

Personal communications, unlike scholarly works, are not mentioned in a reference list; hence the information supplied is unreliable. Such sources should be documented in the main text, although they can also be cited in the footnotes. It makes no difference whether the messages are secret or public; what matters is that both are cited.

When a letter has no specified goal, it can be termed personal communication. This is not a message intended for the general audience. Private correspondence is not regarded as an email, for example.

The Way of Personal Communication

Personal communication, as opposed to mass-produced information in the media, refers to letters, memoranda, emails, phone conversations, interviews, and other forms of social engagement that are transmitted between individuals. These resources are not included in a reference list since they may be irrecoverable. Despite the fact that these documents lack references, they are nonetheless cited in the text. Others may not be able to retrieve this form of communication. It’s also not considered evidence; thus, it can’t be used in a legal document.

What Are Some of the Citing Methods?

The APA style is used to cite sources in the academic sector. Although APA is a good style for formal texts, it isn’t as widely used in personal communication. When citing sources in APA, it is critical to cite them properly. To make it easier to discern the title and subject line of personal communication, use quote marks around them. The name of the author or speaker should be written in quotation marks in a research report. As a result, the personal conversation should only be cited in the text. In addition, personal communications should be mentioned in the message’s context. This allows the author to verify that the audience comprehends the material. This is especially significant when it comes to commercial paperwork.

Are There Any Specific Requirements for a Citation?

When we use content that did not originate with us to support our writing, we should provide a citation. Words in the form of quotations, phrases, and sayings, as well as summaries and paraphrases, make up the content.

The Magnitude of Communication

Personal contact is critical in business, regardless of format. When discussing business, it’s crucial to remember that they aren’t the only ones that get communications. Confidential material might be classified as personal communication. A memo’s objective is to communicate a critical message, but a public document may not. Personal communications must be identified as such in a private letter. When mentioning letters, it should be ensured to include the person’s initial and last name, as well as the date of the communication.

Ways of Establishing a Personal Connection

A commercial relationship’s personal communications are crucial. When two people communicate, a personal connection is formed. They are able to express their emotions, thoughts, and ideas to one another. This is an important part of every relationship. It is not a good idea to use a message for business objectives. Making an emotional connection with a business partner is a mistake. A personal connection with a prospective client is desirable, but it is not required if the conversation is about a business relationship.

A person’s communication is a way of sharing something with another person. Because a person’s identity is private, any information shared in a personal correspondence should be kept private. As a result, private communication is thought to be private. It’s crucial to note, however, that a private message is not the same as a public one. It might be a professional email.

Citing a Personal Communication AMA

The reference list does not include personal correspondence; instead, the communicator’s name is listed in parentheses. Only the words “personal communication” and the message’s date are included in the main text.

Personal communications, such as phone calls, emails, and discussions, are not included in the reference list, according to AMA Style. The materials should, however, be cited in parentheses inside the text. Give the author’s name and highest academic degree, as well as the sort of communication and the date it was sent.

Which Are the Categories of Personal Communication?

Private and professional communications are the two types of personal communications. Private communications aren’t regarded as scholarly materials in general. They are, instead, private and inaccessible to others. Nonetheless, they’re frequently acknowledged as such in text and should be properly cited. The source should also be referenced in its entirety. If you’re writing an academic paper, include the citation in the body of the text. Personal communications are cited for any sources that are not retrievable by the reader. In other terms, it’s personal communication if your source is private or unavailable to the audience of your writing.

Examples of Personal Communication

Conversations, email, text messages, online chats or direct messages, personal interviews, phone conversations, live speeches, unrecorded course lectures, memos, letters, messages from non-archived discussion groups, or online bulletin boards, and social media shared are all examples of personal communication.

Positioning of Citation in Personal Communication in the Paper

In most cases, personal communications are mentioned in the text or a note. They are rarely found in bibliographies. Unless it is absolutely essential and you have the source’s consent, the e-mail address or other contact information used to conduct the correspondence should be included.

Personal Communication in Business

Personal communication refers to communication that takes place for the purpose of communicating personal information, ideas, and sentiments rather than business-related information. In the workplace, not all communication is personal. People engage in personal communication whenever they come into contact with one another.

How Does an AMA Citation Appear?

Author AA, Author BB, and Author CC. Year; Volume number (Issue number): page numbers; Title of article: capital letter also for subtitle; Abbreviated Title of Journal; Volume number (Issue number): page numbers.

Citing One’s Personal Communication Examples

The phrase “personal communication” and the exact date of the personal communication must be mentioned in a parenthetical citation. When citing a source of personal communication in text, nevertheless, the source’s name does not need to be included in the parenthetical citation. Personal correspondence should not be included in the references list, despite the fact that you are expected to cite them if you reference information from them. Instead, when citing a personal conversation, the reader only needs to know the specific day on which the communication took place. Only use text to cite personal communications.

Is There a General Format?

Citations for personal communications should include the author’s first initial and last name or the name of the organization’s author, the phrase “personal communication,” and the date the conversation took place, the date the resource was created, or the date you accessed the resource. Except for “personal communication,” which is required in the citation, the sort of communication does not need to be indicated. If the reader wants to know more about how the information was obtained, the paragraph can explain it.

In citations to personal communication, page numbers or other location references aren’t necessary because the reader can’t access the original resource. Similarly, because the personal conversation cannot be recovered, sources are only cited in the body text. Furthermore, if an interview is conducted as part of original research, the material gathered from the interview is usually attributed rather than mentioned as personal communication because it hasn’t been published elsewhere. Although personal communication is not required, you should endeavor to locate a source whenever possible. If a buddy has informed you about a research study that you heard on a podcast and you need to include it in your current essay, you should credit the original podcast rather than the correspondence with the friend.

Four Main Reasons Why Sources Should Be Cited

The four major reasons for citing your sources are to demonstrate good and thorough research by specifying sources used, to avoid plagiarism, to provide readers with the information necessary to locate the sources used and to give credit to other researchers and authors.

Citing Personal Knowledge

In most cases, personal experiences and expertise do not need to be cited on an APA references page or in the body of a document (in-text citation). The voice that is presented to the paper includes personal experience and wisdom.


Citing other people’s work correctly is vital because it allows readers to find the resources utilized, and references to other sources help readers learn more about a topic. Citations show the reader that the study was done correctly by listing the information’s sources. Giving acknowledgment to other scholars and appreciating their ideas might help you become a responsible scholar. Plagiarism can be prevented by quoting other authors’ words and ideas. It lets readers read the work to find specific sources in order to understand more about the concepts presented in the paper. It is easier to avoid writing bootlegging by citing sources regularly and precisely.

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